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authordjm@openbsd.org <djm@openbsd.org>2019-10-31 21:16:20 +0000
committerDamien Miller <djm@mindrot.org>2019-11-01 09:46:09 +1100
commited3467c1e16b7396ff7fcf12d2769261512935ec (patch)
treeb70d41447c71e9b9be17361a305298692f32c6d4 /ssh-sk.c
parent02bb0768a937e50bbb236efc2bbdddb1991b1c85 (diff)
upstream: U2F/FIDO middleware interface
Supports enrolling (generating) keys and signatures. feedback & ok markus@ OpenBSD-Commit-ID: 73d1dd5939454f9c7bd840f48236cba41e8ad592
Diffstat (limited to 'ssh-sk.c')
-rw-r--r--ssh-sk.c377
1 files changed, 377 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/ssh-sk.c b/ssh-sk.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..7d313f57
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ssh-sk.c
@@ -0,0 +1,377 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: ssh-sk.c,v 1.1 2019/10/31 21:16:20 djm Exp $ */
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2019 Google LLC
+ *
+ * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
+ * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
+ * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
+ * WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
+ * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
+ * ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
+ * WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
+ * ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
+ * OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
+ */
+
+/* #define DEBUG_SK 1 */
+
+#include "includes.h"
+
+#include <dlfcn.h>
+#include <stddef.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+
+#include <openssl/objects.h>
+#include <openssl/ec.h>
+
+#include "log.h"
+#include "misc.h"
+#include "sshbuf.h"
+#include "sshkey.h"
+#include "ssherr.h"
+#include "digest.h"
+
+#include "ssh-sk.h"
+#include "sk-api.h"
+
+struct sshsk_provider {
+ char *path;
+ void *dlhandle;
+
+ /* Return the version of the middleware API */
+ uint32_t (*sk_api_version)(void);
+
+ /* Enroll a U2F key (private key generation) */
+ int (*sk_enroll)(const uint8_t *challenge, size_t challenge_len,
+ const char *application, uint8_t flags,
+ struct sk_enroll_response **enroll_response);
+
+ /* Sign a challenge */
+ int (*sk_sign)(const uint8_t *message, size_t message_len,
+ const char *application,
+ const uint8_t *key_handle, size_t key_handle_len,
+ uint8_t flags, struct sk_sign_response **sign_response);
+};
+
+static void
+sshsk_free(struct sshsk_provider *p)
+{
+ if (p == NULL)
+ return;
+ free(p->path);
+ if (p->dlhandle != NULL)
+ dlclose(p->dlhandle);
+ free(p);
+}
+
+static struct sshsk_provider *
+sshsk_open(const char *path)
+{
+ struct sshsk_provider *ret = NULL;
+ uint32_t version;
+
+ if ((ret = calloc(1, sizeof(*ret))) == NULL) {
+ error("%s: calloc failed", __func__);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ if ((ret->path = strdup(path)) == NULL) {
+ error("%s: strdup failed", __func__);
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ if ((ret->dlhandle = dlopen(path, RTLD_NOW)) == NULL) {
+ error("Security key provider %s dlopen failed: %s",
+ path, dlerror());
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ if ((ret->sk_api_version = dlsym(ret->dlhandle,
+ "sk_api_version")) == NULL) {
+ error("Security key provider %s dlsym(sk_api_version) "
+ "failed: %s", path, dlerror());
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ version = ret->sk_api_version();
+ debug("%s: provider %s implements version 0x%08lx", __func__,
+ ret->path, (u_long)version);
+ if ((version & SSH_SK_VERSION_MAJOR_MASK) != SSH_SK_VERSION_MAJOR) {
+ error("Security key provider %s implements unsupported version "
+ "0x%08lx (supported: 0x%08lx)", path, (u_long)version,
+ (u_long)SSH_SK_VERSION_MAJOR);
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ if ((ret->sk_enroll = dlsym(ret->dlhandle, "sk_enroll")) == NULL) {
+ error("Security key provider %s dlsym(sk_enroll) "
+ "failed: %s", path, dlerror());
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ if ((ret->sk_sign = dlsym(ret->dlhandle, "sk_sign")) == NULL) {
+ error("Security key provider %s dlsym(sk_sign) failed: %s",
+ path, dlerror());
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ /* success */
+ return ret;
+fail:
+ sshsk_free(ret);
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static void
+sshsk_free_enroll_response(struct sk_enroll_response *r)
+{
+ if (r == NULL)
+ return;
+ freezero(r->key_handle, r->key_handle_len);
+ freezero(r->public_key, r->public_key_len);
+ freezero(r->signature, r->signature_len);
+ freezero(r->attestation_cert, r->attestation_cert_len);
+ freezero(r, sizeof(*r));
+};
+
+static void
+sshsk_free_sign_response(struct sk_sign_response *r)
+{
+ if (r == NULL)
+ return;
+ freezero(r->sig_r, r->sig_r_len);
+ freezero(r->sig_s, r->sig_s_len);
+ freezero(r, sizeof(*r));
+};
+
+int
+sshsk_enroll(const char *provider_path, const char *application,
+ uint8_t flags, struct sshbuf *challenge_buf, struct sshkey **keyp,
+ struct sshbuf *attest)
+{
+ struct sshsk_provider *skp = NULL;
+ struct sshkey *key = NULL;
+ u_char randchall[32];
+ const u_char *challenge;
+ size_t challenge_len;
+ struct sk_enroll_response *resp = NULL;
+ int r = SSH_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
+ struct sshbuf *b = NULL;
+ EC_POINT *q = NULL;
+
+ *keyp = NULL;
+ if (attest)
+ sshbuf_reset(attest);
+ if (provider_path == NULL) {
+ error("%s: missing provider", __func__);
+ r = SSH_ERR_INVALID_ARGUMENT;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if (application == NULL || *application == '\0') {
+ error("%s: missing application", __func__);
+ r = SSH_ERR_INVALID_ARGUMENT;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if (challenge_buf == NULL) {
+ debug("%s: using random challenge", __func__);
+ arc4random_buf(randchall, sizeof(randchall));
+ challenge = randchall;
+ challenge_len = sizeof(randchall);
+ } else if (sshbuf_len(challenge_buf) == 0) {
+ error("Missing enrollment challenge");
+ r = SSH_ERR_INVALID_ARGUMENT;
+ goto out;
+ } else {
+ challenge = sshbuf_ptr(challenge_buf);
+ challenge_len = sshbuf_len(challenge_buf);
+ debug3("%s: using explicit challenge len=%zd",
+ __func__, challenge_len);
+ }
+ if ((skp = sshsk_open(provider_path)) == NULL) {
+ r = SSH_ERR_INVALID_FORMAT; /* XXX sshsk_open return code? */
+ goto out;
+ }
+ /* XXX validate flags? */
+ /* enroll key */
+ if ((r = skp->sk_enroll(challenge, challenge_len, application,
+ flags, &resp)) != 0) {
+ error("Security key provider %s returned failure %d",
+ provider_path, r);
+ r = SSH_ERR_INVALID_FORMAT; /* XXX error codes in API? */
+ goto out;
+ }
+ /* Check response validity */
+ if (resp->public_key == NULL || resp->key_handle == NULL ||
+ resp->signature == NULL || resp->attestation_cert == NULL) {
+ error("%s: sk_enroll response invalid", __func__);
+ r = SSH_ERR_INVALID_FORMAT;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ /* Assemble key from response */
+ if ((key = sshkey_new(KEY_ECDSA_SK)) == NULL) {
+ error("%s: sshkey_new failed", __func__);
+ r = SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ key->ecdsa_nid = NID_X9_62_prime256v1;
+ key->sk_flags = flags;
+ if ((key->ecdsa = EC_KEY_new_by_curve_name(key->ecdsa_nid)) == NULL ||
+ (q = EC_POINT_new(EC_KEY_get0_group(key->ecdsa))) == NULL ||
+ (key->sk_key_handle = sshbuf_new()) == NULL ||
+ (key->sk_reserved = sshbuf_new()) == NULL ||
+ (b = sshbuf_new()) == NULL) {
+ error("%s: allocation failed", __func__);
+ r = SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if ((r = sshbuf_put_string(b,
+ resp->public_key, resp->public_key_len)) != 0) {
+ error("%s: buffer error: %s", __func__, ssh_err(r));
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if ((key->sk_application = strdup(application)) == NULL) {
+ error("%s: strdup application failed", __func__);
+ r = SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if ((r = sshbuf_get_ec(b, q, EC_KEY_get0_group(key->ecdsa))) != 0) {
+ error("%s: parse key: %s", __func__, ssh_err(r));
+ r = SSH_ERR_INVALID_FORMAT;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if (sshkey_ec_validate_public(EC_KEY_get0_group(key->ecdsa), q) != 0) {
+ error("Security key returned invalid ECDSA key");
+ r = SSH_ERR_KEY_INVALID_EC_VALUE;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if (EC_KEY_set_public_key(key->ecdsa, q) != 1) {
+ /* XXX assume it is a allocation error */
+ error("%s: allocation failed", __func__);
+ r = SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if ((r = sshbuf_put(key->sk_key_handle, resp->key_handle,
+ resp->key_handle_len)) != 0) {
+ error("%s: buffer error: %s", __func__, ssh_err(r));
+ goto out;
+ }
+ /* Optionally fill in the attestation information */
+ if (attest != NULL) {
+ if ((r = sshbuf_put_cstring(attest, "sk-attest-v00")) != 0 ||
+ (r = sshbuf_put_u32(attest, 1)) != 0 || /* XXX U2F ver */
+ (r = sshbuf_put_string(attest,
+ resp->attestation_cert, resp->attestation_cert_len)) != 0 ||
+ (r = sshbuf_put_string(attest,
+ resp->signature, resp->signature_len)) != 0 ||
+ (r = sshbuf_put_u32(attest, flags)) != 0 || /* XXX right? */
+ (r = sshbuf_put_string(attest, NULL, 0)) != 0) {
+ error("%s: buffer error: %s", __func__, ssh_err(r));
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+ /* success */
+ *keyp = key;
+ key = NULL; /* transferred */
+ r = 0;
+ out:
+ EC_POINT_free(q);
+ sshsk_free(skp);
+ sshbuf_free(b);
+ sshkey_free(key);
+ sshsk_free_enroll_response(resp);
+ explicit_bzero(randchall, sizeof(randchall));
+ return r;
+}
+
+int
+sshsk_ecdsa_sign(const char *provider_path, const struct sshkey *key,
+ u_char **sigp, size_t *lenp, const u_char *data, size_t datalen,
+ u_int compat)
+{
+ struct sshsk_provider *skp = NULL;
+ int r = SSH_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
+ struct sk_sign_response *resp = NULL;
+ struct sshbuf *inner_sig = NULL, *sig = NULL;
+ uint8_t message[32];
+
+ if (sigp != NULL)
+ *sigp = NULL;
+ if (lenp != NULL)
+ *lenp = 0;
+ if (provider_path == NULL ||
+ sshkey_type_plain(key->type) != KEY_ECDSA_SK ||
+ key->sk_key_handle == NULL ||
+ key->sk_application == NULL || *key->sk_application == '\0') {
+ r = SSH_ERR_INVALID_ARGUMENT;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if ((skp = sshsk_open(provider_path)) == NULL) {
+ r = SSH_ERR_INVALID_FORMAT; /* XXX sshsk_open return code? */
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* hash data to be signed before it goes to the security key */
+ if ((r = ssh_digest_memory(SSH_DIGEST_SHA256, data, datalen,
+ message, sizeof(message))) != 0) {
+ error("%s: hash application failed: %s", __func__, ssh_err(r));
+ r = SSH_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if ((r = skp->sk_sign(message, sizeof(message),
+ key->sk_application,
+ sshbuf_ptr(key->sk_key_handle), sshbuf_len(key->sk_key_handle),
+ key->sk_flags, &resp)) != 0) {
+ debug("%s: sk_sign failed with code %d", __func__, r);
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if ((sig = sshbuf_new()) == NULL ||
+ (inner_sig = sshbuf_new()) == NULL) {
+ r = SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ /* Prepare inner signature object */
+ if ((r = sshbuf_put_bignum2_bytes(inner_sig,
+ resp->sig_r, resp->sig_r_len)) != 0 ||
+ (r = sshbuf_put_bignum2_bytes(inner_sig,
+ resp->sig_s, resp->sig_s_len)) != 0 ||
+ (r = sshbuf_put_u8(inner_sig, resp->flags)) != 0 ||
+ (r = sshbuf_put_u32(inner_sig, resp->counter)) != 0) {
+ debug("%s: buffer error (inner): %s", __func__, ssh_err(r));
+ goto out;
+ }
+ /* Assemble outer signature */
+ if ((r = sshbuf_put_cstring(sig, sshkey_ssh_name_plain(key))) != 0 ||
+ (r = sshbuf_put_stringb(sig, inner_sig)) != 0) {
+ debug("%s: buffer error (outer): %s", __func__, ssh_err(r));
+ goto out;
+ }
+#ifdef DEBUG_SK
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: sig_r:\n", __func__);
+ sshbuf_dump_data(resp->sig_r, resp->sig_r_len, stderr);
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: sig_s:\n", __func__);
+ sshbuf_dump_data(resp->sig_s, resp->sig_s_len, stderr);
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: sig_flags = 0x%02x, sig_counter = %u\n",
+ __func__, resp->flags, resp->counter);
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: hashed message:\n", __func__);
+ sshbuf_dump_data(message, sizeof(message), stderr);
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: inner:\n", __func__);
+ sshbuf_dump(inner_sig, stderr);
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: sigbuf:\n", __func__);
+ sshbuf_dump(sig, stderr);
+#endif
+ if (sigp != NULL) {
+ if ((*sigp = malloc(sshbuf_len(sig))) == NULL) {
+ r = SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ memcpy(*sigp, sshbuf_ptr(sig), sshbuf_len(sig));
+ }
+ if (lenp != NULL)
+ *lenp = sshbuf_len(sig);
+ /* success */
+ r = 0;
+ out:
+ explicit_bzero(message, sizeof(message));
+ sshsk_free(skp);
+ sshsk_free_sign_response(resp);
+ sshbuf_free(sig);
+ sshbuf_free(inner_sig);
+ return r;
+}