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authorDamien Miller <djm@mindrot.org>2000-03-17 23:40:15 +1100
committerDamien Miller <djm@mindrot.org>2000-03-17 23:40:15 +1100
commit7684ee17ee96426970c00cb44d9d00b6611b9a57 (patch)
treecb447b6e9d3fdc10b3e66a90b198092d7245447a
parentd6121d2972c1a6924f6d186ea04eefe9dab774ef (diff)
- OpenBSD CVS updates:
- [atomicio.c auth-krb4.c bufaux.c channels.c compress.c fingerprint.c] [packet.h radix.c rsa.c scp.c ssh-agent.c ssh-keygen.c sshconnect.c] [sshd.c] pedantic: signed vs. unsigned, void*-arithm, etc - [ssh.1 sshd.8] Various cleanups and standardizations.
-rw-r--r--ChangeLog7
-rw-r--r--atomicio.c7
-rw-r--r--auth-krb4.c9
-rw-r--r--bufaux.c8
-rw-r--r--channels.c6
-rw-r--r--compress.c12
-rw-r--r--fingerprint.c4
-rw-r--r--packet.h6
-rw-r--r--radix.c4
-rw-r--r--rsa.c6
-rw-r--r--scp.c6
-rw-r--r--ssh-agent.c9
-rw-r--r--ssh-keygen.c5
-rw-r--r--ssh.1496
-rw-r--r--sshconnect.c30
-rw-r--r--sshd.84
-rw-r--r--sshd.c18
17 files changed, 377 insertions, 260 deletions
diff --git a/ChangeLog b/ChangeLog
index be06e493..ba49585f 100644
--- a/ChangeLog
+++ b/ChangeLog
@@ -5,6 +5,13 @@
<jmknoble@pobox.com>
- Checks for 64 bit int types. Problem report from Mats Fredholm
<matsf@init.se>
+ - OpenBSD CVS updates:
+ - [atomicio.c auth-krb4.c bufaux.c channels.c compress.c fingerprint.c]
+ [packet.h radix.c rsa.c scp.c ssh-agent.c ssh-keygen.c sshconnect.c]
+ [sshd.c]
+ pedantic: signed vs. unsigned, void*-arithm, etc
+ - [ssh.1 sshd.8]
+ Various cleanups and standardizations.
20000316
- Fixed configure not passing LDFLAGS to Solaris. Report from David G.
diff --git a/atomicio.c b/atomicio.c
index d6797ec7..1299e5bf 100644
--- a/atomicio.c
+++ b/atomicio.c
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@
*/
#include "includes.h"
-RCSID("$Id: atomicio.c,v 1.9 2000/03/09 10:27:50 damien Exp $");
+RCSID("$Id: atomicio.c,v 1.10 2000/03/17 12:40:15 damien Exp $");
#include "xmalloc.h"
#include "ssh.h"
@@ -33,12 +33,13 @@ RCSID("$Id: atomicio.c,v 1.9 2000/03/09 10:27:50 damien Exp $");
* ensure all of data on socket comes through. f==read || f==write
*/
ssize_t
-atomicio(f, fd, s, n)
+atomicio(f, fd, _s, n)
ssize_t (*f) ();
int fd;
- void *s;
+ void *_s;
size_t n;
{
+ char *s = _s;
ssize_t res, pos = 0;
while (n > pos) {
diff --git a/auth-krb4.c b/auth-krb4.c
index fb0e20ce..95fc7229 100644
--- a/auth-krb4.c
+++ b/auth-krb4.c
@@ -186,19 +186,20 @@ auth_krb4(const char *server_user, KTEXT auth, char **client)
KTEXT_ST reply;
char instance[INST_SZ];
int r, s;
+ socklen_t slen;
u_int cksum;
Key_schedule schedule;
struct sockaddr_in local, foreign;
s = packet_get_connection_in();
- r = sizeof(local);
+ slen = sizeof(local);
memset(&local, 0, sizeof(local));
- if (getsockname(s, (struct sockaddr *) & local, &r) < 0)
+ if (getsockname(s, (struct sockaddr *) & local, &slen) < 0)
debug("getsockname failed: %.100s", strerror(errno));
- r = sizeof(foreign);
+ slen = sizeof(foreign);
memset(&foreign, 0, sizeof(foreign));
- if (getpeername(s, (struct sockaddr *) & foreign, &r) < 0) {
+ if (getpeername(s, (struct sockaddr *) & foreign, &slen) < 0) {
debug("getpeername failed: %.100s", strerror(errno));
fatal_cleanup();
}
diff --git a/bufaux.c b/bufaux.c
index 34a89d47..0c1381e3 100644
--- a/bufaux.c
+++ b/bufaux.c
@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@
*/
#include "includes.h"
-RCSID("$Id: bufaux.c,v 1.7 1999/11/25 00:54:58 damien Exp $");
+RCSID("$Id: bufaux.c,v 1.8 2000/03/17 12:40:15 damien Exp $");
#include "ssh.h"
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ buffer_put_bignum(Buffer *buffer, BIGNUM *value)
{
int bits = BN_num_bits(value);
int bin_size = (bits + 7) / 8;
- char *buf = xmalloc(bin_size);
+ char unsigned *buf = xmalloc(bin_size);
int oi;
char msg[2];
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ buffer_put_bignum(Buffer *buffer, BIGNUM *value)
PUT_16BIT(msg, bits);
buffer_append(buffer, msg, 2);
/* Store the binary data. */
- buffer_append(buffer, buf, oi);
+ buffer_append(buffer, (char *)buf, oi);
memset(buf, 0, bin_size);
xfree(buf);
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ buffer_get_bignum(Buffer *buffer, BIGNUM *value)
bytes = (bits + 7) / 8;
if (buffer_len(buffer) < bytes)
fatal("buffer_get_bignum: input buffer too small");
- bin = buffer_ptr(buffer);
+ bin = (unsigned char*) buffer_ptr(buffer);
BN_bin2bn(bin, bytes, value);
buffer_consume(buffer, bytes);
diff --git a/channels.c b/channels.c
index 090cbf09..e60ecc61 100644
--- a/channels.c
+++ b/channels.c
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@
*/
#include "includes.h"
-RCSID("$Id: channels.c,v 1.18 2000/03/11 09:45:41 damien Exp $");
+RCSID("$Id: channels.c,v 1.19 2000/03/17 12:40:15 damien Exp $");
#include "ssh.h"
#include "packet.h"
@@ -1041,7 +1041,7 @@ channel_input_port_open(int payload_len)
int remote_channel, sock = 0, newch, i;
u_short host_port;
char *host, *originator_string;
- int host_len, originator_len;
+ unsigned int host_len, originator_len;
struct addrinfo hints, *ai, *aitop;
char ntop[NI_MAXHOST], strport[NI_MAXSERV];
int gaierr;
@@ -1341,7 +1341,7 @@ x11_input_open(int payload_len)
int remote_channel, display_number, sock = 0, newch;
const char *display;
char buf[1024], *cp, *remote_host;
- int remote_len;
+ unsigned int remote_len;
struct addrinfo hints, *ai, *aitop;
char strport[NI_MAXSERV];
int gaierr;
diff --git a/compress.c b/compress.c
index 544811c1..cf15c667 100644
--- a/compress.c
+++ b/compress.c
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@
*/
#include "includes.h"
-RCSID("$Id: compress.c,v 1.3 1999/11/25 00:54:59 damien Exp $");
+RCSID("$Id: compress.c,v 1.4 2000/03/17 12:40:16 damien Exp $");
#include "ssh.h"
#include "buffer.h"
@@ -75,13 +75,13 @@ buffer_compress(Buffer * input_buffer, Buffer * output_buffer)
return;
/* Input is the contents of the input buffer. */
- outgoing_stream.next_in = buffer_ptr(input_buffer);
+ outgoing_stream.next_in = (unsigned char *) buffer_ptr(input_buffer);
outgoing_stream.avail_in = buffer_len(input_buffer);
/* Loop compressing until deflate() returns with avail_out != 0. */
do {
/* Set up fixed-size output buffer. */
- outgoing_stream.next_out = buf;
+ outgoing_stream.next_out = (unsigned char *)buf;
outgoing_stream.avail_out = sizeof(buf);
/* Compress as much data into the buffer as possible. */
@@ -124,10 +124,10 @@ buffer_uncompress(Buffer * input_buffer, Buffer * output_buffer)
char buf[4096];
int status;
- incoming_stream.next_in = buffer_ptr(input_buffer);
+ incoming_stream.next_in = (unsigned char *) buffer_ptr(input_buffer);
incoming_stream.avail_in = buffer_len(input_buffer);
- incoming_stream.next_out = buf;
+ incoming_stream.next_out = (unsigned char *) buf;
incoming_stream.avail_out = sizeof(buf);
for (;;) {
@@ -136,7 +136,7 @@ buffer_uncompress(Buffer * input_buffer, Buffer * output_buffer)
case Z_OK:
buffer_append(output_buffer, buf,
sizeof(buf) - incoming_stream.avail_out);
- incoming_stream.next_out = buf;
+ incoming_stream.next_out = (unsigned char *) buf;
incoming_stream.avail_out = sizeof(buf);
break;
case Z_STREAM_END:
diff --git a/fingerprint.c b/fingerprint.c
index 7784e8b7..e6f27d06 100644
--- a/fingerprint.c
+++ b/fingerprint.c
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@
*/
#include "includes.h"
-RCSID("$Id: fingerprint.c,v 1.4 1999/11/24 16:15:25 markus Exp $");
+RCSID("$Id: fingerprint.c,v 1.5 2000/03/16 20:56:14 markus Exp $");
#include "ssh.h"
#include "xmalloc.h"
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ fingerprint(BIGNUM *e, BIGNUM *n)
static char retval[80];
MD5_CTX md;
unsigned char d[16];
- char *buf;
+ unsigned char *buf;
int nlen, elen;
nlen = BN_num_bytes(n);
diff --git a/packet.h b/packet.h
index 6368f2cd..d1fc41dd 100644
--- a/packet.h
+++ b/packet.h
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
*
*/
-/* RCSID("$Id: packet.h,v 1.9 2000/01/14 04:45:51 damien Exp $"); */
+/* RCSID("$Id: packet.h,v 1.10 2000/03/17 12:40:16 damien Exp $"); */
#ifndef PACKET_H
#define PACKET_H
@@ -151,7 +151,7 @@ char *packet_get_string(unsigned int *length_ptr);
* The error message should not contain a newline. The total length of the
* message must not exceed 1024 bytes.
*/
-void packet_disconnect(const char *fmt,...) __attribute__((format(printf, 1, 2)));;
+void packet_disconnect(const char *fmt,...) __attribute__((format(printf, 1, 2)));
/*
* Sends a diagnostic message to the other side. This message can be sent at
@@ -163,7 +163,7 @@ void packet_disconnect(const char *fmt,...) __attribute__((format(printf, 1,
* remote side protocol flags do not indicate that it supports SSH_MSG_DEBUG,
* this will do nothing.
*/
-void packet_send_debug(const char *fmt,...) __attribute__((format(printf, 1, 2)));;
+void packet_send_debug(const char *fmt,...) __attribute__((format(printf, 1, 2)));
/* Checks if there is any buffered output, and tries to write some of the output. */
void packet_write_poll(void);
diff --git a/radix.c b/radix.c
index c87dd2d3..ea7f5ba2 100644
--- a/radix.c
+++ b/radix.c
@@ -213,7 +213,7 @@ creds_to_radix(CREDENTIALS *creds, unsigned char *buf)
p += creds->ticket_st.length;
len = p - temp;
- return (uuencode(temp, len, buf));
+ return (uuencode((unsigned char *)temp, len, (char *)buf));
}
int
@@ -225,7 +225,7 @@ radix_to_creds(const char *buf, CREDENTIALS *creds)
char version;
char temp[2048];
- if (!(len = uudecode(buf, temp, sizeof(temp))))
+ if (!(len = uudecode(buf, (unsigned char *)temp, sizeof(temp))))
return 0;
p = temp;
diff --git a/rsa.c b/rsa.c
index 02392529..babbf2b7 100644
--- a/rsa.c
+++ b/rsa.c
@@ -35,7 +35,7 @@
*/
#include "includes.h"
-RCSID("$Id: rsa.c,v 1.10 2000/03/09 10:27:51 damien Exp $");
+RCSID("$Id: rsa.c,v 1.11 2000/03/17 12:40:16 damien Exp $");
#include "rsa.h"
#include "ssh.h"
@@ -145,7 +145,7 @@ rsa_generate_key(RSA *prv, RSA *pub, unsigned int bits)
void
rsa_public_encrypt(BIGNUM *out, BIGNUM *in, RSA *key)
{
- char *inbuf, *outbuf;
+ unsigned char *inbuf, *outbuf;
int len, ilen, olen;
if (BN_num_bits(key->e) < 2 || !BN_is_odd(key->e))
@@ -173,7 +173,7 @@ rsa_public_encrypt(BIGNUM *out, BIGNUM *in, RSA *key)
void
rsa_private_decrypt(BIGNUM *out, BIGNUM *in, RSA *key)
{
- char *inbuf, *outbuf;
+ unsigned char *inbuf, *outbuf;
int len, ilen, olen;
olen = BN_num_bytes(key->n);
diff --git a/scp.c b/scp.c
index 6e07879f..9f101524 100644
--- a/scp.c
+++ b/scp.c
@@ -45,7 +45,7 @@
*/
#include "includes.h"
-RCSID("$Id: scp.c,v 1.17 2000/03/09 10:27:51 damien Exp $");
+RCSID("$Id: scp.c,v 1.18 2000/03/17 12:40:16 damien Exp $");
#include "ssh.h"
#include "xmalloc.h"
@@ -1008,7 +1008,7 @@ run_err(const char *fmt,...)
* OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*
- * $Id: scp.c,v 1.17 2000/03/09 10:27:51 damien Exp $
+ * $Id: scp.c,v 1.18 2000/03/17 12:40:16 damien Exp $
*/
char *
@@ -1120,7 +1120,7 @@ alarmtimer(int wait)
}
void
-updateprogressmeter(int sig)
+updateprogressmeter(int ignore)
{
int save_errno = errno;
diff --git a/ssh-agent.c b/ssh-agent.c
index 8a69b1d0..459fa39f 100644
--- a/ssh-agent.c
+++ b/ssh-agent.c
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-/* $OpenBSD: ssh-agent.c,v 1.25 2000/01/02 21:51:03 markus Exp $ */
+/* $OpenBSD: ssh-agent.c,v 1.26 2000/03/16 20:56:14 markus Exp $ */
/*
* Author: Tatu Ylonen <ylo@cs.hut.fi>
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
*/
#include "includes.h"
-RCSID("$OpenBSD: ssh-agent.c,v 1.25 2000/01/02 21:51:03 markus Exp $");
+RCSID("$OpenBSD: ssh-agent.c,v 1.26 2000/03/16 20:56:14 markus Exp $");
#include "ssh.h"
#include "rsa.h"
@@ -417,6 +417,7 @@ after_select(fd_set *readset, fd_set *writeset)
{
unsigned int i;
int len, sock;
+ socklen_t slen;
char buf[1024];
struct sockaddr_un sunaddr;
@@ -426,8 +427,8 @@ after_select(fd_set *readset, fd_set *writeset)
break;
case AUTH_SOCKET:
if (FD_ISSET(sockets[i].fd, readset)) {
- len = sizeof(sunaddr);
- sock = accept(sockets[i].fd, (struct sockaddr *) & sunaddr, &len);
+ slen = sizeof(sunaddr);
+ sock = accept(sockets[i].fd, (struct sockaddr *) & sunaddr, &slen);
if (sock < 0) {
perror("accept from AUTH_SOCKET");
break;
diff --git a/ssh-keygen.c b/ssh-keygen.c
index bf7f0ced..81070d2e 100644
--- a/ssh-keygen.c
+++ b/ssh-keygen.c
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@
*/
#include "includes.h"
-RCSID("$Id: ssh-keygen.c,v 1.11 2000/03/09 10:27:51 damien Exp $");
+RCSID("$Id: ssh-keygen.c,v 1.12 2000/03/17 12:40:17 damien Exp $");
#include "rsa.h"
#include "ssh.h"
@@ -85,6 +85,7 @@ do_fingerprint(struct passwd *pw)
RSA *public_key;
char *comment = NULL, *cp, *ep, line[16*1024];
int i, skip = 0, num = 1, invalid = 1;
+ unsigned int ignore;
struct stat st;
if (!have_identity)
@@ -142,7 +143,7 @@ do_fingerprint(struct passwd *pw)
*cp++ = '\0';
}
ep = cp;
- if (auth_rsa_read_key(&cp, &i, e, n)) {
+ if (auth_rsa_read_key(&cp, &ignore, e, n)) {
invalid = 0;
comment = *cp ? cp : comment;
printf("%d %s %s\n", BN_num_bits(n),
diff --git a/ssh.1 b/ssh.1
index 9f1ca97b..0116977b 100644
--- a/ssh.1
+++ b/ssh.1
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
.\"
.\" Created: Sat Apr 22 21:55:14 1995 ylo
.\"
-.\" $Id: ssh.1,v 1.18 2000/03/09 10:27:52 damien Exp $
+.\" $Id: ssh.1,v 1.19 2000/03/17 12:40:17 damien Exp $
.\"
.Dd September 25, 1999
.Dt SSH 1
@@ -52,9 +52,11 @@
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Nm
(Secure Shell) is a program for logging into a remote machine and for
-executing commands on a remote machine. It is intended to replace
+executing commands on a remote machine.
+It is intended to replace
rlogin and rsh, and provide secure encrypted communications between
-two untrusted hosts over an insecure network. X11 connections and
+two untrusted hosts over an insecure network.
+X11 connections and
arbitrary TCP/IP ports can also be forwarded over the secure channel.
.Pp
.Nm
@@ -76,15 +78,16 @@ or
exists in the user's home directory on the
remote machine and contains a line containing the name of the client
machine and the name of the user on that machine, the user is
-permitted to log in. This form of authentication alone is normally not
+permitted to log in.
+This form of authentication alone is normally not
allowed by the server because it is not secure.
.Pp
The second (and primary) authentication method is the
.Pa rhosts
or
.Pa hosts.equiv
-method combined with RSA-based host authentication. It
-means that if the login would be permitted by
+method combined with RSA-based host authentication.
+It means that if the login would be permitted by
.Pa \&.rhosts ,
.Pa \&.shosts ,
.Pa /etc/hosts.equiv ,
@@ -97,10 +100,10 @@ and
.Pa $HOME/.ssh/known_hosts
in the
.Sx FILES
-section), only then login is
-permitted. This authentication method closes security holes due to IP
-spoofing, DNS spoofing and routing spoofing. [Note to the
-administrator:
+section), only then login is permitted.
+This authentication method closes security holes due to IP
+spoofing, DNS spoofing and routing spoofing.
+[Note to the administrator:
.Pa /etc/hosts.equiv ,
.Pa \&.rhosts ,
and the rlogin/rsh protocol in general, are inherently insecure and should be
@@ -112,34 +115,39 @@ supports RSA based authentication.
The scheme is based on public-key cryptography: there are cryptosystems
where encryption and decryption are done using separate keys, and it
is not possible to derive the decryption key from the encryption key.
-RSA is one such system. The idea is that each user creates a public/private
-key pair for authentication purposes. The
-server knows the public key, and only the user knows the private key.
+RSA is one such system.
+The idea is that each user creates a public/private
+key pair for authentication purposes.
+The server knows the public key, and only the user knows the private key.
The file
.Pa $HOME/.ssh/authorized_keys
lists the public keys that are permitted for logging
-in. When the user logs in, the
+in.
+When the user logs in, the
.Nm
program tells the server which key pair it would like to use for
-authentication. The server checks if this key is permitted, and if
+authentication.
+The server checks if this key is permitted, and if
so, sends the user (actually the
.Nm
program running on behalf of the user) a challenge, a random number,
-encrypted by the user's public key. The challenge can only be
-decrypted using the proper private key. The user's client then decrypts the
+encrypted by the user's public key.
+The challenge can only be
+decrypted using the proper private key.
+The user's client then decrypts the
challenge using the private key, proving that he/she knows the private
key but without disclosing it to the server.
.Pp
.Nm
-implements the RSA authentication protocol automatically. The user
-creates his/her RSA key pair by running
+implements the RSA authentication protocol automatically.
+The user creates his/her RSA key pair by running
.Xr ssh-keygen 1 .
This stores the private key in
.Pa \&.ssh/identity
and the public key in
.Pa \&.ssh/identity.pub
-in the user's home directory. The user should then
-copy the
+in the user's home directory.
+The user should then copy the
.Pa identity.pub
to
.Pa \&.ssh/authorized_keys
@@ -148,24 +156,28 @@ in his/her home directory on the remote machine (the
file corresponds to the conventional
.Pa \&.rhosts
file, and has one key
-per line, though the lines can be very long). After this, the user
-can log in without giving the password. RSA authentication is much
+per line, though the lines can be very long).
+After this, the user can log in without giving the password.
+RSA authentication is much
more secure than rhosts authentication.
.Pp
The most convenient way to use RSA authentication may be with an
-authentication agent. See
+authentication agent.
+See
.Xr ssh-agent 1
for more information.
.Pp
If other authentication methods fail,
.Nm
-prompts the user for a password. The password is sent to the remote
+prompts the user for a password.
+The password is sent to the remote
host for checking; however, since all communications are encrypted,
the password cannot be seen by someone listening on the network.
.Pp
When the user's identity has been accepted by the server, the server
either executes the given command, or logs into the machine and gives
-the user a normal shell on the remote machine. All communication with
+the user a normal shell on the remote machine.
+All communication with
the remote command or shell will be automatically encrypted.
.Pp
If a pseudo-terminal has been allocated (normal login session), the
@@ -182,19 +194,22 @@ the session blocks waiting for forwarded X11 or TCP/IP
connections to terminate, it can be backgrounded with
.Ic ~&
(this should not be used while the user shell is active, as it can cause the
-shell to hang). All available escapes can be listed with
+shell to hang).
+All available escapes can be listed with
.Ic ~? .
.Pp
A single tilde character can be sent as
.Ic ~~
(or by following the tilde by a character other than those described above).
The escape character must always follow a newline to be interpreted as
-special. The escape character can be changed in configuration files
-or on the command line.
+special.
+The escape character can be changed in configuration files
+or on the command line.
.Pp
If no pseudo tty has been allocated, the
session is transparent and can be used to reliably transfer binary
-data. On most systems, setting the escape character to
+data.
+On most systems, setting the escape character to
.Dq none
will also make the session transparent even if a tty is used.
.Pp
@@ -210,7 +225,8 @@ environment variable is set), the connection to the X11 display is
automatically forwarded to the remote side in such a way that any X11
programs started from the shell (or command) will go through the
encrypted channel, and the connection to the real X server will be made
-from the local machine. The user should not manually set
+from the local machine.
+The user should not manually set
.Ev DISPLAY .
Forwarding of X11 connections can be
configured on the command line or in configuration files.
@@ -220,7 +236,8 @@ The
value set by
.Nm
will point to the server machine, but with a display number greater
-than zero. This is normal, and happens because
+than zero.
+This is normal, and happens because
.Nm
creates a
.Dq proxy
@@ -232,7 +249,8 @@ will also automatically set up Xauthority data on the server machine.
For this purpose, it will generate a random authorization cookie,
store it in Xauthority on the server, and verify that any forwarded
connections carry this cookie and replace it by the real cookie when
-the connection is opened. The real authentication cookie is never
+the connection is opened.
+The real authentication cookie is never
sent to the server machine (and no cookies are sent in the plain).
.Pp
If the user is using an authentication agent, the connection to the agent
@@ -240,25 +258,29 @@ is automatically forwarded to the remote side unless disabled on
command line or in a configuration file.
.Pp
Forwarding of arbitrary TCP/IP connections over the secure channel can
-be specified either on command line or in a configuration file. One
-possible application of TCP/IP forwarding is a secure connection to an
+be specified either on command line or in a configuration file.
+One possible application of TCP/IP forwarding is a secure connection to an
electronic purse; another is going trough firewalls.
.Pp
.Nm
automatically maintains and checks a database containing RSA-based
-identifications for all hosts it has ever been used with. The
-database is stored in
+identifications for all hosts it has ever been used with.
+The database is stored in
.Pa \&.ssh/known_hosts
-in the user's home directory. Additionally, the file
+in the user's home directory.
+Additionally, the file
.Pa /etc/ssh_known_hosts
-is automatically checked for known hosts. Any new hosts are
-automatically added to the user's file. If a host's identification
+is automatically checked for known hosts.
+Any new hosts are automatically added to the user's file.
+If a host's identification
ever changes,
.Nm
warns about this and disables password authentication to prevent a
-trojan horse from getting the user's password. Another purpose of
+trojan horse from getting the user's password.
+Another purpose of
this mechanism is to prevent man-in-the-middle attacks which could
-otherwise be used to circumvent the encryption. The
+otherwise be used to circumvent the encryption.
+The
.Cm StrictHostKeyChecking
option (see below) can be used to prevent logins to machines whose
host key is not known or has changed.
@@ -270,7 +292,8 @@ also be specified on a per-host basis in the configuration file.
.It Fl c Ar blowfish|3des
Selects the cipher to use for encrypting the session.
.Ar 3des
-is used by default. It is believed to be secure.
+is used by default.
+It is believed to be secure.
.Ar 3des
(triple-des) is an encrypt-decrypt-encrypt triple with three different keys.
It is presumably more secure than the
@@ -278,26 +301,28 @@ It is presumably more secure than the
cipher which is no longer supported in ssh.
.Ar blowfish
is a fast block cipher, it appears very secure and is much faster than
-.Ar 3des .
+.Ar 3des .
.It Fl e Ar ch|^ch|none
Sets the escape character for sessions with a pty (default:
.Ql ~ ) .
-The escape character is only recognized at the beginning of a line. The
-escape character followed by a dot
+The escape character is only recognized at the beginning of a line.
+The escape character followed by a dot
.Pq Ql \&.
closes the connection, followed
by control-Z suspends the connection, and followed by itself sends the
-escape character once. Setting the character to
+escape character once.
+Setting the character to
.Dq none
disables any escapes and makes the session fully transparent.
.It Fl f
Requests
.Nm
-to go to background just before command execution. This is useful
-if
+to go to background just before command execution.
+This is useful if
.Nm
is going to ask for passwords or passphrases, but the user
-wants it in the background. This implies
+wants it in the background.
+This implies
.Fl n .
The recommended way to start X11 programs at a remote site is with
something like
@@ -306,11 +331,13 @@ something like
Allows remote hosts to connect to local forwarded ports.
.It Fl i Ar identity_file
Selects the file from which the identity (private key) for
-RSA authentication is read. Default is
+RSA authentication is read.
+Default is
.Pa \&.ssh/identity
-in the user's home directory. Identity files may also be specified on
-a per-host basis in the configuration file. It is possible to have
-multiple
+in the user's home directory.
+Identity files may also be specified on
+a per-host basis in the configuration file.
+It is possible to have multiple
.Fl i
options (and multiple identities specified in
configuration files).
@@ -318,16 +345,17 @@ configuration files).
Disables forwarding of Kerberos tickets and AFS tokens. This may
also be specified on a per-host basis in the configuration file.
.It Fl l Ar login_name
-Specifies the user to log in as on the remote machine. This may also
-be specified on a per-host basis in the configuration file.
+Specifies the user to log in as on the remote machine.
+This also may be specified on a per-host basis in the configuration file.
.It Fl n
Redirects stdin from
.Pa /dev/null
(actually, prevents reading from stdin).
This must be used when
.Nm
-is run in the background. A common trick is to use this to run X11
-programs in a remote machine. For example,
+is run in the background.
+A common trick is to use this to run X11 programs on a remote machine.
+For example,
.Ic ssh -n shadows.cs.hut.fi emacs &
will start an emacs on shadows.cs.hut.fi, and the X11
connection will be automatically forwarded over an encrypted channel.
@@ -342,10 +370,11 @@ option.)
.It Fl o Ar option
Can be used to give options in the format used in the config file.
This is useful for specifying options for which there is no separate
-command-line flag. The option has the same format as a line in the
-configuration file.
+command-line flag.
+The option has the same format as a line in the configuration file.
.It Fl p Ar port
-Port to connect to on the remote host. This can be specified on a
+Port to connect to on the remote host.
+This can be specified on a
per-host basis in the configuration file.
.It Fl P
Use a non-privileged port for outgoing connections.
@@ -356,35 +385,40 @@ Note that this option turns off
and
.Cm RhostsRSAAuthentication .
.It Fl q
-Quiet mode. Causes all warning and diagnostic messages to be
-suppressed. Only fatal errors are displayed.
+Quiet mode.
+Causes all warning and diagnostic messages to be suppressed.
+Only fatal errors are displayed.
.It Fl t
-Force pseudo-tty allocation. This can be used to execute arbitary
-screen-based programs on a remote machine, which can be very useful
-e.g. when implementing menu services.
+Force pseudo-tty allocation.
+This can be used to execute arbitary
+screen-based programs on a remote machine, which can be very useful,
+e.g., when implementing menu services.
.It Fl v
-Verbose mode. Causes
+Verbose mode.
+Causes
.Nm
-to print debugging messages about its progress. This is helpful in
+to print debugging messages about its progress.
+This is helpful in
debugging connection, authentication, and configuration problems.
The verbose mode is also used to display
.Xr skey 1
challenges, if the user entered "s/key" as password.
.It Fl x
-Disables X11 forwarding. This can also be specified on a per-host
-basis in a configuration file.
+Disables X11 forwarding.
+This can also be specified on a per-host basis in a configuration file.
.It Fl X
Enables X11 forwarding.
.It Fl C
Requests compression of all data (including stdin, stdout, stderr, and
-data for forwarded X11 and TCP/IP connections). The compression
-algorithm is the same used by
+data for forwarded X11 and TCP/IP connections).
+The compression algorithm is the same used by
.Xr gzip 1 ,
and the
.Dq level
can be controlled by the
.Cm CompressionLevel
-option (see below). Compression is desirable on modem lines and other
+option (see below).
+Compression is desirable on modem lines and other
slow connections, but will only slow down things on fast networks.
The default value can be set on a host-by-host basis in the
configuration files; see the
@@ -392,8 +426,8 @@ configuration files; see the
option below.
.It Fl L Ar port:host:hostport
Specifies that the given port on the local (client) host is to be
-forwarded to the given host and port on the remote side. This works
-by allocating a socket to listen to
+forwarded to the given host and port on the remote side.
+This works by allocating a socket to listen to
.Ar port
on the local side, and whenever a connection is made to this port, the
connection is forwarded over the secure channel, and a connection is
@@ -401,14 +435,15 @@ made to
.Ar host
port
.Ar hostport
-from the remote machine. Port forwardings can also be specified in the
-configuration file. Only root can forward privileged ports.
+from the remote machine.
+Port forwardings can also be specified in the configuration file.
+Only root can forward privileged ports.
IPv6 addresses can be specified with an alternative syntax:
.Ar port/host/hostport
.It Fl R Ar port:host:hostport
Specifies that the given port on the remote (server) host is to be
-forwarded to the given host and port on the local side. This works
-by allocating a socket to listen to
+forwarded to the given host and port on the local side.
+This works by allocating a socket to listen to
.Ar port
on the remote side, and whenever a connection is made to this port, the
connection is forwarded over the secure channel, and a connection is
@@ -416,8 +451,9 @@ made to
.Ar host
port
.Ar hostport
-from the local machine. Port forwardings can also be specified in the
-configuration file. Privileged ports can be forwarded only when
+from the local machine.
+Port forwardings can also be specified in the configuration file.
+Privileged ports can be forwarded only when
logging in as root on the remote machine.
.It Fl 4
Forces
@@ -436,10 +472,12 @@ command line options, user's configuration file
and system-wide configuration file
.Pq Pa /etc/ssh_config .
For each parameter, the first obtained value
-will be used. The configuration files contain sections bracketed by
-"Host" specifications, and that section is only applied for hosts that
-match one of the patterns given in the specification. The matched
-host name is the one given on the command line.
+will be used.
+The configuration files contain sections bracketed by
+.Dq Host
+specifications, and that section is only applied for hosts that
+match one of the patterns given in the specification.
+The matched host name is the one given on the command line.
.Pp
Since the first obtained value for each parameter is used, more
host-specific declarations should be given near the beginning of the
@@ -466,10 +504,12 @@ given after the keyword.
and
.Ql ?
can be used as wildcards in the
-patterns. A single
+patterns.
+A single
.Ql \&*
as a pattern can be used to provide global
-defaults for all hosts. The host is the
+defaults for all hosts.
+The host is the
.Ar hostname
argument given on the command line (i.e., the name is not converted to
a canonicalized host name before matching).
@@ -482,9 +522,10 @@ or
.It Cm BatchMode
If set to
.Dq yes ,
-passphrase/password querying will be disabled. This
-option is useful in scripts and other batch jobs where you have no
-user to supply the password. The argument must be
+passphrase/password querying will be disabled.
+This option is useful in scripts and other batch jobs where you have no
+user to supply the password.
+The argument must be
.Dq yes
or
.Dq no .
@@ -498,33 +539,37 @@ If the option is set to
.Dq no ,
the check will not be executed.
.It Cm Cipher
-Specifies the cipher to use for encrypting the session. Currently,
+Specifies the cipher to use for encrypting the session.
+Currently,
.Dq blowfish ,
and
.Dq 3des
-are supported. The default is
+are supported.
+The default is
.Dq 3des .
.It Cm Compression
-Specifies whether to use compression. The argument must be
+Specifies whether to use compression.
+The argument must be
.Dq yes
or
.Dq no .
.It Cm CompressionLevel
-Specifies the compression level to use if compression is enable. The
-argument must be an integer from 1 (fast) to 9 (slow, best). The
-default level is 6, which is good for most applications. The meaning
-of the values is the same as in
+Specifies the compression level to use if compression is enable.
+The argument must be an integer from 1 (fast) to 9 (slow, best).
+The default level is 6, which is good for most applications.
+The meaning of the values is the same as in
.Xr gzip 1 .
.It Cm ConnectionAttempts
Specifies the number of tries (one per second) to make before falling
-back to rsh or exiting. The argument must be an integer. This may be
-useful in scripts if the connection sometimes fails.
+back to rsh or exiting.
+The argument must be an integer.
+This may be useful in scripts if the connection sometimes fails.
.It Cm EscapeChar
Sets the escape character (default:
.Ql ~ ) .
The escape character can also
-be set on the command line. The argument should be a single
-character,
+be set on the command line.
+The argument should be a single character,
.Ql ^
followed by a letter, or
.Dq none
@@ -539,13 +584,15 @@ fails due to a connection refused error (there is no
listening on the remote host),
.Xr rsh 1
should automatically be used instead (after a suitable warning about
-the session being unencrypted). The argument must be
+the session being unencrypted).
+The argument must be
.Dq yes
or
.Dq no .
.It Cm ForwardAgent
Specifies whether the connection to the authentication agent (if any)
-will be forwarded to the remote machine. The argument must be
+will be forwarded to the remote machine.
+The argument must be
.Dq yes
or
.Dq no .
@@ -553,7 +600,8 @@ or
Specifies whether X11 connections will be automatically redirected
over the secure channel and
.Ev DISPLAY
-set. The argument must be
+set.
+The argument must be
.Dq yes
or
.Dq no .
@@ -572,10 +620,10 @@ The default is
Specifies a file to use instead of
.Pa /etc/ssh_known_hosts .
.It Cm HostName
-Specifies the real host name to log into. This can be used to specify
-nicnames or abbreviations for hosts. Default is the name given on the
-command line. Numeric IP addresses are also permitted (both on the
-command line and in
+Specifies the real host name to log into.
+This can be used to specify nicknames or abbreviations for hosts.
+Default is the name given on the command line.
+Numeric IP addresses are also permitted (both on the command line and in
.Cm HostName
specifications).
.It Cm IdentityFile
@@ -584,22 +632,26 @@ is read (default
.Pa .ssh/identity
in the user's home directory).
Additionally, any identities represented by the authentication agent
-will be used for authentication. The file name may use the tilde
-syntax to refer to a user's home directory. It is possible to have
+will be used for authentication.
+The file name may use the tilde
+syntax to refer to a user's home directory.
+It is possible to have
multiple identity files specified in configuration files; all these
identities will be tried in sequence.
.It Cm KeepAlive
Specifies whether the system should send keepalive messages to the
-other side. If they are sent, death of the connection or crash of one
-of the machines will be properly noticed. However, this means that
+other side.
+If they are sent, death of the connection or crash of one
+of the machines will be properly noticed.
+However, this means that
connections will die if the route is down temporarily, and some people
find it annoying.
.Pp
The default is
.Dq yes
(to send keepalives), and the client will notice
-if the network goes down or the remote host dies. This is important
-in scripts, and many users want it too.
+if the network goes down or the remote host dies.
+This is important in scripts, and many users want it too.
.Pp
To disable keepalives, the value should be set to
.Dq no
@@ -619,11 +671,12 @@ or
.Dq no .
.It Cm LocalForward
Specifies that a TCP/IP port on the local machine be forwarded over
-the secure channel to given host:port from the remote machine. The
-first argument must be a port number, and the second must be
-host:port. Multiple forwardings may be specified, and additional
-forwardings can be given on the command line. Only the root can
-forward privileged ports.
+the secure channel to given host:port from the remote machine.
+The first argument must be a port number, and the second must be
+host:port.
+Multiple forwardings may be specified, and additional
+forwardings can be given on the command line.
+Only the superuser can forward privileged ports.
.It Cm LogLevel
Gives the verbosity level that is used when logging messages from
.Nm ssh .
@@ -634,25 +687,33 @@ The default is INFO.
Specifies the number of password prompts before giving up. The
argument to this keyword must be an integer. Default is 3.
.It Cm PasswordAuthentication
-Specifies whether to use password authentication. The argument to
-this keyword must be
+Specifies whether to use password authentication.
+The argument to this keyword must be
.Dq yes
or
.Dq no .
.It Cm Port
-Specifies the port number to connect on the remote host. Default is
-22.
+Specifies the port number to connect on the remote host.
+Default is 22.
.It Cm ProxyCommand
-Specifies the command to use to connect to the server. The command
-string extends to the end of the line, and is executed with /bin/sh.
-In the command string, %h will be substituted by the host name to
-connect and %p by the port. The command can be basically anything,
-and should read from its stdin and write to its stdout. It should
-eventually connect an
+Specifies the command to use to connect to the server.
+The command
+string extends to the end of the line, and is executed with
+.Pa /bin/sh .
+In the command string,
+.Ql %h
+will be substituted by the host name to
+connect and
+.Ql %p
+by the port.
+The command can be basically anything,
+and should read from its standard input and write to its standard output.
+It should eventually connect an
.Xr sshd 8
server running on some machine, or execute
.Ic sshd -i
-somewhere. Host key management will be done using the
+somewhere.
+Host key management will be done using the
HostName of the host being connected (defaulting to the name typed by
the user).
Note that
@@ -661,32 +722,37 @@ is not available for connects with a proxy command.
.Pp
.It Cm RemoteForward
Specifies that a TCP/IP port on the remote machine be forwarded over
-the secure channel to given host:port from the local machine. The
-first argument must be a port number, and the second must be
-host:port. Multiple forwardings may be specified, and additional
-forwardings can be given on the command line. Only the root can
-forward privileged ports.
+the secure channel to given host:port from the local machine.
+The first argument must be a port number, and the second must be
+host:port.
+Multiple forwardings may be specified, and additional
+forwardings can be given on the command line.
+Only the superuser can forward privileged ports.
.It Cm RhostsAuthentication
-Specifies whether to try rhosts based authentication. Note that this
+Specifies whether to try rhosts based authentication.
+Note that this
declaration only affects the client side and has no effect whatsoever
-on security. Disabling rhosts authentication may reduce
+on security.
+Disabling rhosts authentication may reduce
authentication time on slow connections when rhosts authentication is
-not used. Most servers do not permit RhostsAuthentication because it
-is not secure (see RhostsRSAAuthentication). The argument to this
-keyword must be
+not used.
+Most servers do not permit RhostsAuthentication because it
+is not secure (see RhostsRSAAuthentication).
+The argument to this keyword must be
.Dq yes
or
.Dq no .
.It Cm RhostsRSAAuthentication
Specifies whether to try rhosts based authentication with RSA host
-authentication. This is the primary authentication method for most
-sites. The argument must be
+authentication.
+This is the primary authentication method for most sites.
+The argument must be
.Dq yes
or
.Dq no .
.It Cm RSAAuthentication
-Specifies whether to try RSA authentication. The argument to this
-keyword must be
+Specifies whether to try RSA authentication.
+The argument to this keyword must be
.Dq yes
or
.Dq no .
@@ -696,8 +762,8 @@ running.
.It Cm SkeyAuthentication
Specifies whether to use
.Xr skey 1
-authentication. The argument to
-this keyword must be
+authentication.
+The argument to this keyword must be
.Dq yes
or
.Dq no .
@@ -709,16 +775,19 @@ If this flag is set to
.Nm
ssh will never automatically add host keys to the
.Pa $HOME/.ssh/known_hosts
-file, and refuses to connect hosts whose host key has changed. This
-provides maximum protection against trojan horse attacks. However, it
-can be somewhat annoying if you don't have good
+file, and refuses to connect hosts whose host key has changed.
+This provides maximum protection against trojan horse attacks.
+However, it can be somewhat annoying if you don't have good
.Pa /etc/ssh_known_hosts
files installed and frequently
-connect new hosts. Basically this option forces the user to manually
-add any new hosts. Normally this option is disabled, and new hosts
-will automatically be added to the known host files. The host keys of
-known hosts will be verified automatically in either case. The
-argument must be
+connect new hosts.
+Basically this option forces the user to manually
+add any new hosts.
+Normally this option is disabled, and new hosts
+will automatically be added to the known host files.
+The host keys of
+known hosts will be verified automatically in either case.
+The argument must be
.Dq yes
or
.Dq no .
@@ -737,23 +806,26 @@ turns off
and
.Cm RhostsRSAAuthentication .
.It Cm User
-Specifies the user to log in as. This can be useful if you have a
-different user name in different machines. This saves the trouble of
+Specifies the user to log in as.
+This can be useful if you have a different user name on different machines.
+This saves the trouble of
having to remember to give the user name on the command line.
.It Cm UserKnownHostsFile
Specifies a file to use instead of
.Pa $HOME/.ssh/known_hosts .
.It Cm UseRsh
-Specifies that rlogin/rsh should be used for this host. It is
-possible that the host does not at all support the
+Specifies that rlogin/rsh should be used for this host.
+It is possible that the host does not at all support the
.Nm
-protocol. This causes
+protocol.
+This causes
.Nm
-to immediately exec
+to immediately execute
.Xr rsh 1 .
All other options (except
.Cm HostName )
-are ignored if this has been specified. The argument must be
+are ignored if this has been specified.
+The argument must be
.Dq yes
or
.Dq no .
@@ -764,15 +836,17 @@ will normally set the following environment variables:
.It Ev DISPLAY
The
.Ev DISPLAY
-variable indicates the location of the X11 server. It is
-automatically set by
+variable indicates the location of the X11 server.
+It is automatically set by
.Nm
to point to a value of the form
.Dq hostname:n
where hostname indicates
-the host where the shell runs, and n is an integer >= 1. Ssh uses
-this special value to forward X11 connections over the secure
-channel. The user should normally not set DISPLAY explicitly, as that
+the host where the shell runs, and n is an integer >= 1.
+.Nm
+uses this special value to forward X11 connections over the secure
+channel.
+The user should normally not set DISPLAY explicitly, as that
will render the X11 connection insecure (and will require the user to
manually copy any required authorization cookies).
.It Ev HOME
@@ -783,7 +857,7 @@ Synonym for
set for compatibility with systems that use this variable.
.It Ev MAIL
Set to point the user's mailbox.
-.It Ev PATH
+.It Ev PATH
Set to the default
.Ev PATH ,
as specified when compiling
@@ -792,12 +866,14 @@ as specified when compiling
indicates the path of a unix-domain socket used to communicate with the
agent.
.It Ev SSH_CLIENT
-Identifies the client end of the connection. The variable contains
+Identifies the client end of the connection.
+The variable contains
three space-separated values: client ip-address, client port number,
and server port number.
.It Ev SSH_TTY
This is set to the name of the tty (path to the device) associated
-with the current shell or command. If the current session has no tty,
+with the current shell or command.
+If the current session has no tty,
this variable is not set.
.It Ev TZ
The timezone variable is set to indicate the present timezone if it
@@ -823,7 +899,8 @@ in
See
.Xr sshd 8 .
.It Pa $HOME/.ssh/identity
-Contains the RSA authentication identity of the user. This file
+Contains the RSA authentication identity of the user.
+This file
contains sensitive data and should be readable by the user but not
accessible by others (read/write/execute).
Note that
@@ -834,39 +911,50 @@ generating the key; the passphrase will be used to encrypt the
sensitive part of this file using 3DES.
.It Pa $HOME/.ssh/identity.pub
Contains the public key for authentication (public part of the
-identity file in human-readable form). The contents of this file
-should be added to
+identity file in human-readable form).
+The contents of this file should be added to
.Pa $HOME/.ssh/authorized_keys
on all machines
-where you wish to log in using RSA authentication. This file is not
-sensitive and can (but need not) be readable by anyone. This file is
+where you wish to log in using RSA authentication.
+This file is not
+sensitive and can (but need not) be readable by anyone.
+This file is
never used automatically and is not necessary; it is only provided for
the convenience of the user.
.It Pa $HOME/.ssh/config
-This is the per-user configuration file. The format of this file is
-described above. This file is used by the
+This is the per-user configuration file.
+The format of this file is described above.
+This file is used by the
.Nm
-client. This file does not usually contain any sensitive information,
+client.
+This file does not usually contain any sensitive information,
but the recommended permissions are read/write for the user, and not
accessible by others.
.It Pa $HOME/.ssh/authorized_keys
-Lists the RSA keys that can be used for logging in as this user. The
-format of this file is described in the
+Lists the RSA keys that can be used for logging in as this user.
+The format of this file is described in the
.Xr sshd 8
-manual page. In the simplest form the format is the same as the .pub
+manual page.
+In the simplest form the format is the same as the .pub
identity files (that is, each line contains the number of bits in
modulus, public exponent, modulus, and comment fields, separated by
-spaces). This file is not highly sensitive, but the recommended
+spaces).
+This file is not highly sensitive, but the recommended
permissions are read/write for the user, and not accessible by others.
.It Pa /etc/ssh_known_hosts
-Systemwide list of known host keys. This file should be prepared by the
+Systemwide list of known host keys.
+This file should be prepared by the
system administrator to contain the public host keys of all machines in the
-organization. This file should be world-readable. This file contains
+organization.
+This file should be world-readable.
+This file contains
public keys, one per line, in the following format (fields separated
by spaces): system name, number of bits in modulus, public exponent,
-modulus, and optional comment field. When different names are used
+modulus, and optional comment field.
+When different names are used
for the same machine, all such names should be listed, separated by
-commas. The format is described on the
+commas.
+The format is described on the
.Xr sshd 8
manual page.
.Pp
@@ -878,32 +966,37 @@ does not convert the user-supplied name to a canonical name before
checking the key, because someone with access to the name servers
would then be able to fool host authentication.
.It Pa /etc/ssh_config
-Systemwide configuration file. This file provides defaults for those
+Systemwide configuration file.
+This file provides defaults for those
values that are not specified in the user's configuration file, and
-for those users who do not have a configuration file. This file must
-be world-readable.
+for those users who do not have a configuration file.
+This file must be world-readable.
.It Pa $HOME/.rhosts
This file is used in
.Pa \&.rhosts
authentication to list the
-host/user pairs that are permitted to log in. (Note that this file is
+host/user pairs that are permitted to log in.
+(Note that this file is
also used by rlogin and rsh, which makes using this file insecure.)
Each line of the file contains a host name (in the canonical form
returned by name servers), and then a user name on that host,
-separated by a space. One some machines this file may need to be
+separated by a space.
+One some machines this file may need to be
world-readable if the user's home directory is on a NFS partition,
because
.Xr sshd 8
-reads it as root. Additionally, this file must be owned by the user,
-and must not have write permissions for anyone else. The recommended
+reads it as root.
+Additionally, this file must be owned by the user,
+and must not have write permissions for anyone else.
+The recommended
permission for most machines is read/write for the user, and not
accessible by others.
.Pp
Note that by default
.Xr sshd 8
will be installed so that it requires successful RSA host
-authentication before permitting \s+2.\s0rhosts authentication. If your
-server machine does not have the client's host key in
+authentication before permitting \s+2.\s0rhosts authentication.
+If your server machine does not have the client's host key in
.Pa /etc/ssh_known_hosts ,
you can store it in
.Pa $HOME/.ssh/known_hosts .
@@ -923,14 +1016,18 @@ or
.Xr rsh 1 .
.It Pa /etc/hosts.equiv
This file is used during
-.Pa \&.rhosts authentication. It contains
+.Pa \&.rhosts authentication.
+It contains
canonical hosts names, one per line (the full format is described on
the
.Xr sshd 8
-manual page). If the client host is found in this file, login is
+manual page).
+If the client host is found in this file, login is
automatically permitted provided client and server user names are the
-same. Additionally, successful RSA host authentication is normally
-required. This file should only be writable by root.
+same.
+Additionally, successful RSA host authentication is normally
+required.
+This file should only be writable by root.
.It Pa /etc/shosts.equiv
This file is processed exactly as
.Pa /etc/hosts.equiv .
@@ -962,7 +1059,8 @@ is required for proper operation.
.Sh AUTHOR
OpenSSH
is a derivative of the original (free) ssh 1.2.12 release by Tatu Ylonen,
-but with bugs removed and newer features re-added. Rapidly after the
+but with bugs removed and newer features re-added.
+Rapidly after the
1.2.12 release, newer versions of the original ssh bore successively
more restrictive licenses, and thus demand for a free version was born.
This version of OpenSSH
diff --git a/sshconnect.c b/sshconnect.c
index c4c9aee1..910548fa 100644
--- a/sshconnect.c
+++ b/sshconnect.c
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@
*/
#include "includes.h"
-RCSID("$OpenBSD: sshconnect.c,v 1.56 2000/02/18 08:50:33 markus Exp $");
+RCSID("$OpenBSD: sshconnect.c,v 1.57 2000/03/16 20:56:14 markus Exp $");
#ifdef HAVE_OPENSSL
#include <openssl/bn.h>
@@ -638,6 +638,7 @@ try_kerberos_authentication()
char *realm;
CREDENTIALS cred;
int r, type, plen;
+ socklen_t slen;
Key_schedule schedule;
u_long checksum, cksum;
MSG_DAT msg_data;
@@ -680,16 +681,16 @@ try_kerberos_authentication()
/* Zero the buffer. */
(void) memset(auth.dat, 0, MAX_KTXT_LEN);
- r = sizeof(local);
+ slen = sizeof(local);
memset(&local, 0, sizeof(local));
if (getsockname(packet_get_connection_in(),
- (struct sockaddr *) & local, &r) < 0)
+ (struct sockaddr *) & local, &slen) < 0)
debug("getsockname failed: %s", strerror(errno));
- r = sizeof(foreign);
+ slen = sizeof(foreign);
memset(&foreign, 0, sizeof(foreign));
if (getpeername(packet_get_connection_in(),
- (struct sockaddr *) & foreign, &r) < 0) {
+ (struct sockaddr *) & foreign, &slen) < 0) {
debug("getpeername failed: %s", strerror(errno));
fatal_cleanup();
}
@@ -751,7 +752,7 @@ send_kerberos_tgt()
CREDENTIALS *creds;
char pname[ANAME_SZ], pinst[INST_SZ], prealm[REALM_SZ];
int r, type, plen;
- unsigned char buffer[8192];
+ char buffer[8192];
struct stat st;
/* Don't do anything if we don't have any tickets. */
@@ -772,11 +773,11 @@ send_kerberos_tgt()
debug("Kerberos V4 ticket expired: %s", TKT_FILE);
return 0;
}
- creds_to_radix(creds, buffer);
+ creds_to_radix(creds, (unsigned char *)buffer);
xfree(creds);
packet_start(SSH_CMSG_HAVE_KERBEROS_TGT);
- packet_put_string((char *) buffer, strlen(buffer));
+ packet_put_string(buffer, strlen(buffer));
packet_send();
packet_write_wait();
@@ -798,7 +799,7 @@ send_afs_tokens(void)
struct ClearToken ct;
int i, type, len, plen;
char buf[2048], *p, *server_cell;
- unsigned char buffer[8192];
+ char buffer[8192];
/* Move over ktc_GetToken, here's something leaner. */
for (i = 0; i < 100; i++) { /* just in case */
@@ -840,10 +841,10 @@ send_afs_tokens(void)
creds.pinst[0] = '\0';
/* Encode token, ship it off. */
- if (!creds_to_radix(&creds, buffer))
+ if (!creds_to_radix(&creds, (unsigned char*) buffer))
break;
packet_start(SSH_CMSG_HAVE_AFS_TOKEN);
- packet_put_string((char *) buffer, strlen(buffer));
+ packet_put_string(buffer, strlen(buffer));
packet_send();
packet_write_wait();
@@ -867,7 +868,9 @@ send_afs_tokens(void)
int
try_skey_authentication()
{
- int type, i, payload_len;
+ int type, i;
+ int payload_len;
+ unsigned int clen;
char *challenge, *response;
debug("Doing skey authentication.");
@@ -887,7 +890,8 @@ try_skey_authentication()
debug("No challenge for skey authentication.");
return 0;
}
- challenge = packet_get_string(&payload_len);
+ challenge = packet_get_string(&clen);
+ packet_integrity_check(payload_len, (4 + clen), type);
if (options.cipher == SSH_CIPHER_NONE)
log("WARNING: Encryption is disabled! "
"Reponse will be transmitted in clear text.");
diff --git a/sshd.8 b/sshd.8
index c5497cf9..a2049018 100644
--- a/sshd.8
+++ b/sshd.8
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
.\"
.\" Created: Sat Apr 22 21:55:14 1995 ylo
.\"
-.\" $Id: sshd.8,v 1.13 2000/03/09 10:27:53 damien Exp $
+.\" $Id: sshd.8,v 1.14 2000/03/17 12:40:18 damien Exp $
.\"
.Dd September 25, 1999
.Dt SSHD 8
@@ -147,7 +147,7 @@ is normally not run
from inetd because it needs to generate the server key before it can
respond to the client, and this may take tens of seconds. Clients
would have to wait too long if the key was regenerated every time.
-However, with small key sizes (e.g. 512) using
+However, with small key sizes (e.g., 512) using
.Nm
from inetd may
be feasible.
diff --git a/sshd.c b/sshd.c
index 5062d376..98b6138a 100644
--- a/sshd.c
+++ b/sshd.c
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@
*/
#include "includes.h"
-RCSID("$OpenBSD: sshd.c,v 1.91 2000/03/09 19:31:47 markus Exp $");
+RCSID("$OpenBSD: sshd.c,v 1.92 2000/03/16 20:56:15 markus Exp $");
#include "xmalloc.h"
#include "rsa.h"
@@ -1202,7 +1202,8 @@ void
do_authentication()
{
struct passwd *pw, pwcopy;
- int plen, ulen;
+ int plen;
+ unsigned int ulen;
char *user;
/* Get the name of the user that we wish to log in as. */
@@ -1304,7 +1305,9 @@ do_authloop(struct passwd * pw)
BIGNUM *n;
char *client_user = NULL, *password = NULL;
char user[1024];
- int plen, dlen, nlen, ulen, elen;
+ unsigned int dlen;
+ int plen, nlen, elen;
+ unsigned int ulen;
int type = 0;
void (*authlog) (const char *fmt,...) = verbose;
@@ -1608,7 +1611,7 @@ do_fake_authloop(char *user)
(void)packet_read(&plen);
#else /* SKEY */
int type = packet_read(&plen);
- int dlen;
+ unsigned int dlen;
char *password, *skeyinfo;
/* Try to send a fake s/key challenge. */
if (options.skey_authentication == 1 &&
@@ -1697,6 +1700,8 @@ do_authenticated(struct passwd * pw)
int row, col, xpixel, ypixel, screen;
char ttyname[64];
char *command, *term = NULL, *display = NULL, *proto = NULL, *data = NULL;
+ int plen;
+ unsigned int dlen;
int n_bytes;
/*
@@ -1720,7 +1725,6 @@ do_authenticated(struct passwd * pw)
* or a command.
*/
while (1) {
- int plen, dlen;
/* Get a packet from the client. */
type = packet_read(&plen);
@@ -1799,7 +1803,7 @@ do_authenticated(struct passwd * pw)
if (display)
packet_disconnect("Protocol error: X11 display already set.");
{
- int proto_len, data_len;
+ unsigned int proto_len, data_len;
proto = packet_get_string(&proto_len);
data = packet_get_string(&data_len);
packet_integrity_check(plen, 4 + proto_len + 4 + data_len + 4, type);
@@ -1881,7 +1885,7 @@ do_authenticated(struct passwd * pw)
goto do_forced_command;
/* Get command from the packet. */
{
- int dlen;
+ unsigned int dlen;
command = packet_get_string(&dlen);
debug("Executing command '%.500s'", command);
packet_integrity_check(plen, 4 + dlen, type);